What we fix when we proofread and edit

GRAMMAR, SPELLING, and PUNCTUATION

jargon

clichés

colon use

verb tense

noun string

misspelling

possessives

punctuation

use of article

comma splice

verb form use

passive issues

number issues

semicolon use

shifting tenses

colloquialisms

misused words

countable noun

run-on sentence

parallel structure

misuse of ‘much’

double negatives

sequence of tense

faulty parallelism

uncountable noun

limiting modifiers

use of subjunctive

duplicate pronoun

dangling modifier

sentence fragment

active voice issues

sequence of words

squinting modifier

hyphenation issues

typographical error

countable quantifier

misplaced modifiers

incorrect preposition

missing punctuation

misuse of quantifier

capitalization issues

infinitives without ‘to’

modal verb use errors

gerund / infinitive use

misplaced punctuation

uncountable quantifier

incomplete comparison

misuse of ‘like’ and ‘as’

subject-verb agreement

unbalanced punctuation

bullet point punctuation

comma after interrupter

redundant pair of words

pronoun case agreement

adjective and adverb use

vague pronoun reference

comma before interrupter

use of ‘other’ and ‘another’

comma-introductory clause

misused subordinate clause

end-of-sentence preposition

end-of-sentence punctuation

misuse of ‘these’ and ‘those’

unnecessary infinitive clause

comma-essential information

pronoun-antecedent agreement

absolute adjectives comparison

comma-coordinating conjunction

comma-nonessential information


OTHER PROOFREADING

Hyphenation/Dashes

en dash versus hyphen

hyphenation of phrase

en dash versus space

hyphenation of words

compound words

Spelling Consistency

phrases to avoid or consider

numbers in sentences

spelling variations

preferred spelling

common typos

contractions

accents

Abbreviations

used before definition

defined in two ways

without definitions

used only once

defined twice

in two forms

not used

Capitalization

headings in capitals

phrases in capitals

Bullets/Lists

Bullet punctuation

list punctuation

bullet capitals

list capitals

Tables, Boxes, and Figures

consistency of tables, boxes, figures, and titles

missing table, box, figure, title

table, box, figure order

punctuation in tables

capitals in tables

Miscellaneous

parentheses and quotes left open

comments left in the text

superscript/subscript

Oxford comma

style points

italics


EDITING

flow, clarity, theme

rhythm, structure

transitions, organization

colloquialisms, lexical register

levels of diction

proper word choice

phrasing ambiguities

rhetorical consistency

audience appropriateness

anthropomorphic language

EDITING NOVELS (For novels, we do all of the editing in the colum at the left and the following.)
strengthen your characters
redraft dialogue
set the pace and tone
nullify plot issues
suggest necessary topic development and logic revisions
revise and improve sentence construction, precision, and organization
eliminate redundancies, inconsistencies, wordiness, and other issues with your prose
remove all other flaws keeping your novel from reaching its potential
construct your table of contents and all ‘front matter’ pages at no charge

At no charge, we also evaluate your book’s content.
In the margins, we make evaluative comments and we explain corrections and suggestions covering the following questions.

What can be done to improve your work’s marketability?
Is the plot original and compelling?
Does it have any major organization or structural problems?
Have you missed any key ingredients or not developed any scenes or topics sufficiently?
Are the characters original and fully developed?
Is the dialogue genuine?
Is there too much description and exposition or interior monologue with too little action and/or dialogue?
Are there any clich├ęs or stereotypes that weaken your writing?
Is there enough believability, suspense, action, conflict, and tension?
Is your book too short or too long, and, if so, why? Should it be part of a series?
Is there anything else that you, as the author, can do to improve it?